Youth issues and concern is not a local or regional phenomenon , but became an international phenomenon because youth are considered as partners of the present and a whole future, as they play a significant and distinguished role in supporting the march of the community as well as activating the comprehensive developmental process in terms of growth and advancement.
Although youth issues, concerns, problems, orientations, and appropriate solution were old attempts at least, However second mid of the 20 century witnessed remarkable increase of concern by specialists like sociologists, psychologists, anthropologists, social workers, youth sector supporters until youth culture as distinguished one has emerge. And it became clear that, youth have their thoughts, orientations, costumes, clothes, and special music that distinguish them from other categories .
United Nation General Assembly has defined in its youth declaration day in 1985, four key dimensions for youth participation as followings:-
Economic participation on opportunities. –
Political participation in decision making and power.-
-Community participation and voluntary work for serving community and developing environment.
– Cultural participation.
The African Community regarded as a young community where youth represent the bigger percentage in it. In this regard, not less than 80% of these youth are not affiliated to any political party or group. And they don’t practice party policy even, despite that, the political awareness percentage among the youth remain high. And this will raise the question again why these competent youth who are able to give and take with this era are away from the scene and political parties’ activities and structures.
Therefore, this paper aims at studying the realty of youth political participation in Africa, as they are considered to be distinguished group, and believed to be have their perspectives and different political believes against their counterparts.